Wood Floors


Most of the following species will serve very satisfactorily for many generations, pine being an exception unless you prefer a worn look. Regardless of a floor's relative hardness, no wood will resist dents completely; in fact, the finish may dent before the wood in most circumstances. High heels are one of the most common causes of dents in wood floors because a high-heel worn by a 120lb. woman can exert over 2000lbs. per square inch with each step. Even the hardest wood or finish cannot resist this force.



Hardness Chart:

The Hardness Rating Chart is composed of numbers from the Janka hardness test, an industry standard in which the numbers represent the number of pounds required to press a 1/2" steel ball halfway into a piece of wood.  Call or e-mail  for information not included.




Hardness Rating

Tiete Rosewood
Board Size
Chichi Pate'
Brazilian Cherry
Santos Mahogany
Hard Maple
Australian Hard Cypress
White Oak
Northern Red Oak
Antique Heartpine
Southern Red Oak
Longleaf Yellow Pine


Grade is determined mostly by the face appearance and average length. National (and, more recently, International) grading standards or rules are established by the National Oak Flooring Manufacturer's Association (NOFMA). All of our flooring is manufactured to NOFMA standards or better, and we would be happy to show you the NOFMA rule book for detailed grading explanations.

Following are some condensed grading rules in plain language for assistance in selecting your new wood floor. Please remember that wood is a natural product with a variety of color and figure being an essential part of its beauty; therefore, grading rules provide us with a range by which to compare flooring appearance. Average lengths are for 7' bundles. Our 2 1/4" strip flooring is sold in 8' foot bundles, which adds 1/4" to the average length of each grade. Also, we sell select and better in this category as opposed to just select.

Clear Grade
no knots, average length of 3.5ft, color tends to be more uniform
Select & Better
a mixture of select and clear
Select Grade
no knots to very few pinhole knots, slight mineral streak, average length 3ft, natural color variations
#1 Common & Better
a large percentage of select boards mixed with #1 Common, average length 2.5ft+
#1 Common
tight knots & defects with more color variation (rustic appearance), average length 2.5ft+
#2 Common
more rustic than #1 Common, average length of 2.25ft+
Rustic Plank
lots of character for a rustic look, but sound quality wood. (This is our own popular grade of flooring.)


Board Size

flooring is 2-1/4" wide and narrower
flooring is 3" wide and wider
Random Pattern
a mixture of both

We supply custom widths and lengths in domestic species faster than most anybody, depending on availability of the lumber. 5" and wider flooring can look pretty "blocky" in 1 1/2' to 2' lengths. Our most commonly asked for custom lengths are 3' and longer and 5' or 6' and longer, which can reach up to 12' with end-matching (ready to lay). Longer lengths may be supplied without end-matching, which requires trimming and squaring each board before it is laid. Top

Packaging Generally, flooring pieces range from 1 - 7ft long, in either random length or nested bundles. Random length bundles contain boards of approximately the same length in each bundle, with different square footage in each length bundle. Nested bundles contain boards of differing length to make up the same square footage in each bundle. Top

Installation Installation of a wood floor is not complicated in most circumstances, just hard work. If you are a do-it-yourselfer, we can furnish you with an instructional brochure. If you're not inclined to tackle the job, we would be happy to recommend a professional, independent installer who does quality work. Before the flooring is delivered to your home, humidity in the home must be stabilized and the wood delivered a few days before installation so it may acclimate to that stabilized humidity level (see "Care of Your Wood Floor" to the left). Storing the wood in a home environment where the humidity levels will change significantly from water leaks, drying paint or drywall mud, fireplace, mortar, etc., only serves to defeat the purpose of kiln-drying the wood at the factory in the first place and ensures poor flooring performance. Top


Milling Milling, or machining, is not specified in great detail in grading but it is very important in the assembly of your floor. Flooring is a mass-produced, natural product which lends itself to imperfections and it is very common to use wood filler on a new floor; however, some mills are better than others in this regard. The quality of the milling has a lot to do with how easy or difficult the floor will be to lay, its final appearance, and the amount of waste. We buy from the better mills because we get a lot of "word-of-mouth" business from satisfied customers and we want to keep it that way. Top

Finishing We believe three hand-applied coats of a good oil-based polyurethane makes the most attractive and most durable finish. Ask about our specially formulated floor urethanes with high solids. Some imported woods may require special sealing. Top

Care of Your Wood Floor You should be aware that wood is a dried, fibrous product that acts like a sponge, which changes with humidity. Before the wood is installed, it should acclimate to the conditions in your home for a few days. Before and after delivery, you should control the humidity swings in your home with an air-conditioner in the humid summer months and a humidifier in the dry winter months. This will keep the wood movement in your home to a minimum and your comfort to a maximum. Storing the wood in a home environment where the humidity levels will change significantly from water leaks, drying paint or drywall mud, fireplace mortar, etc., only serves to defeat the purpose of kiln-drying the wood at the factory in the first place and ensures poor flooring performance. The wider your board, the more attention you need to pay to humidity control because wider boards have more fibers per unit (board) to react to moisture changes.

Clean your floor with a dust mop or, when necessary, a slightly damp mop. Do not clean with vinegar, as the acetic acid in it will "etch" or dull the polyurethane over time. Urethane was developed to be a low-maintenance finish and does not require waxing. Waxing your floors or using a cleaner which contains a wax or oil ingredient will require you to maintain the wax on top of the urethane, turning a low-maintenance product into a high-maintenance one. In addition, wax, oil, and other chemicals will make it extremely difficult, if not impossible, to easily apply another coat of urethane, should you want to renew the appearance of your floor a few years down the road. Polycare is an excellent urethane cleaner which will not interfere with recoating your floor. Top


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